In other regions such as Australasia, settlers applied the term "black" or it was used by local populations with different histories and ancestral backgrounds.
The Romans interacted with and later conquered parts of Mauretania, an early state that covered modern Morocco, western Algeria, and the Spanish cities Ceuta and Melilla during the classical period.
Different societies apply differing criteria regarding who is classified as "black", and these social constructs have also changed over time.
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat had a mother who was a dark-skinned Nubian Sudanese woman and a father who was a lighter-skinned Egyptian.
In response to an advertisement for an acting position, as a young man he said, "I am not white but I am not exactly black either. Due to the patriarchal nature of Arab society, Arab men, including during the slave trade in North Africa, enslaved more black women than men.
They used more black female slaves in domestic service and agriculture than males.
The men interpreted the Qur'an to permit sexual relations between a male master and his female slave outside of marriage (see Ma malakat aymanukum and sex), leading to many mixed-race children.